Author: Rahul Pandita.
Genre : Non-fiction.
Ratings : 3.5
About the book:
Maoism is a form of communism developed by Mao Tse Tung, a Chinese communist revolutionary & the founder of the People’s Republic of China. It acts upon the ideology to capture State power by armed insurgency, mass mobilization and strategic alliances. Such people are called Maoists.
Naxalism is an ideology of the militant political organization with the claimed legacy of Communists Party of India ( Marxist- Lennist) founded in 1967. The name is derived from region called Naxalbari in West Bengal. It was here that the Naxal peasants revolted by siezing and harvesting the land owned by the landlord’s without keeping a single grain behind. These people are Naxalites.
Initially, the movement had its epicentre in West Bengal which then gradually spread to less developed areas of rural southern and eastern India, such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
What started as a rebellion against the social evils and unjust government policies against the uneducated, poor Adivasis/tribals turn into the power hungry political war. The initial aim was equal distribution of resources and opportunities, soon turned out to be a vengeful multidirectional attack on the totalitarian, autocratic government policies. Many leaders used Naxal movement as a political ladder to form government promising rights but soon were forgotten and tackled by force which in turn was retaliated with equally. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2006, had referred to the Naxalites as “the single biggest security challenge” for India.
This book gives us a detailed analysis of the movement from its inception to its current state. Though, in some places I found the narrative one sided as if the violence is justified, I did learn a lot about their systems and their issues. The facts are presented with factual references which makes this book credible but very monotonous. Only if you are keen to know about this topic, dig in this book.